11 Important Programming Languages in Web Development

Web Development is an enticing and ever-changing career. You need a set of well-honed skills and knowledge of languages. Moreover, as it is a rapidly changing field, you have to keep updating your knowledge. The reward will be the ability to develop amazingly cool web stuff every day. In addition, you will be getting a handsome amount of money at the end of every month.

Web Development has evolved a lot in recent years. First, there used to be only a full stack web developer who was responsible for doing everything. Today, Front End Web Development and Back End Web Development are two distinct jobs. Front End deals with the part of the web that the user interacts with. Actually, the part that pretty much everyone who uses the internet is familiar with. Back End handles all those things that run in the background to make websites or web apps work, like databases and scripts. Yet, full stack web developers exist too. Yeah, you can choose either front end web development or back end web development as your career.  However, to understand your job properly you have to know what is happening on both sides.

In this post, we will tell you about 11 programming languages you will have to deal with at any stage if you choose web development as your career.

Programming Languages You Need to Now!

  • HTML

In HTML, we write the basic building blocks of websites. You cannot avoid this fundamental language. The latest version is HTML 5. This is the language browser understands. HTML stands for Hyper Text Mark Up language.

  • CSS

It stands for Cascading Style Sheet. CSS is what rejuvenates HTML and makes the website alive. It is the rendering language, which specifies the looks of each element of your web design. CSS 3 is the latest version and is capable of creating high-quality web graphics.

For example, the width and height of any element, let us say button is determined by CSS.

  • JavaScript

HTML, CSS and JavaScript. This is the holy trinity of Front end web development.

Front-end design gets complete when three of them join each other and work in conjunction. JavaScript is used for creating and developing websites, desktop apps, and games. It benefits both front-end and back-end web development. It runs equally well on all browsers.

JavaScript supports both functional and object-oriented programming styles. Even if you are into server-side development. The components, data structures, and algorithms apply to almost every other language.

  • PHP

This is the scripting language, which is embedded in HTML. PHP basically serves to build dynamic web pages.

PHP is a great choice for both front and back end developers to add to their skill set. In fact, for back end developers it is kind of mandatory, rather than choice. PHP is what runs behind the scenes of web giants like Facebook and WordPress. PHP helps to make it quick and easy to expand web apps and run websites that have repeated server tasks. Refreshing news feeds is a relevant example. PHP is open source.

  • SQL

SQL is the cherry on the cake of your toolkit, especially for a full stack and server-side developers. It stands for Structured Query Language. SQL facilitates obtaining specific data from large, complex databases. It is in very high demand among big companies like Microsoft. Hence, SQL is a wise choice, for any developer with high ambitions and compulsory if you work with databases on the regular.

  • Java

Java was developed in the 1990s and even today, it is the most demanded language. It is object-oriented, class-based and works on every platform.

It is used in back end web development, but not as much as PHP, SQL, and JavaScript. It mostly is used for mobile development and desktop applications. It is no less than the fun fact that initially it was developed for interactive television. Soon they realized it was too far ahead of its time for that particular industry.

  • Python

Python is extremely easy to learn a language. It is dynamic and all-purpose language. Although it is more known as back end language or desktop application programming language, it can nearly do anything you want.

The design goals of Python were being readable, simple and fun. This is the number one beginner language to learn. It also is a favorite of developers in all areas of the industry. Python has a very bright future because of its immense power and flexibility.

  • C++

A general purpose and well-compiled language. C++ has been around since 1979 and is a very technical and object-oriented language.

This is one of the cornerstone languages of back end development. C++ has extensive libraries. It especially turns out to be very useful for high-performance programs and template-heavy programs.

  • C

It is also old school, easy compiled and general-purpose language like C.  C is the most widely used programming platform that offers building elements for other languages like C++, Python, and Java. Many of these languages are based on C, in fact. It is a great option for those who want to add a new dimension to their skill set. It is best used for writing system software and applications. That makes it a handy language for back end developers to get the glimpse.

  • Ruby

Ruby is scalable, simple and super-fast. Complete name is Ruby on Rails. It offers a full stack language and framework to build full programs and web apps, in less time. It is most liked by entrepreneurs and startups. Ruby on Rails has a wide selection of third-party ‘gems’ (add-ons) that can make it do pretty much whatever you need it to. As one of the most valued and desirable skills out there, there are many advantages of learning Ruby.

  • Go

It is a Google dedicated programming language. It is a novice and shows excellent integration, good readability, and ease of use. It solves many problems that other languages are incapable of solving.

We all know Google is King of the Web right now, so it makes sense to have a Google-specific language under your belt for creating web apps.

The Final Verdict

It is important not to be caught up in popularity scams when deciding which programming language to learn. Just check out which language is most useful in your area of interest and learn that one.

However, the field of computer programming changes rapidly, the languages that we have discussed above have a great potential of staying in power. If you learn one or more of these languages, you will be in an excellent position as a web developer, not only for this year but also in the years to come.

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