Today, most of the public has a negative perception of Artificial Intelligence. Probably Robots of cinema, the epitomes of evil, make us think so. Every now and then, we see cruel Robots trying to denounce human beings from their very own planet earth, in the latest sci-fi movie. We fail to understand that what Hollywood shows is a very small fraction of the technology. They have to depict the blend of reality and fiction to make more money.
Another contributing factor is a grim statement made by Stephen Hawking, the world-renowned physicist. He is well known for his work on black holes and gravitational singularities. Back in 2014, he showed his concerns about Artificial Intelligence. He told BBC that AI could end human civilization. Because of all that media hype, many people believe that giant robots are the only thing AI can do. No doubt, they are terribly mistaken. The scope of Artificial Intelligence is far beyond just robots.
Besides, it is 2019 and fears of both Stephen Hawking and Hollywood writers have not materialized yet. On the contrary, AI is exponentially upgrading human lifestyle.
In this post, we will talk about five perplexing uses of Artificial Intelligence. They have nothing to do with robots, but the last one. However, that also is not any killer robot.
Artificial Intelligence is helping people throughout the world, in their jobs rather than leading to the dreadful destruction of humankind. From medical sciences to wildlife preservation, AI has been unbelievably beneficial.
1. Preservation of Wildlife
How many animals are out there? Where do they live? Many researchers need to know the answers to these questions.
Tanya Berger-Wolf, a professor of Computer Science at the University of Illinois at Chicago, shared her research work in a conference jointly hosted by the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University.
She argued that scientists do not have the capacity to find out the number and inhabitants of animals as there are not enough GPS collars or satellite tracks in the world.
Begerwolf and her colleagues have developed a website named as wildbook.org. The website houses an AI system and algorithms. The overall goal is to inspect photos uploaded by experts and the public.
She told that the system is intelligent enough to recognize unique markings of every single animal. Not only marks, but it can also reveal the age and sex of the animal. With the help of GPS coordinates, it can track the habitat range of the animal.
Back in 2015, a massive photo campaign revealed an alarming situation. Grevy’s Zebra in Kenya was really endangered as lions were killing too many babies of theirs. Local officials were informed to make amendments in lion management programs, she reported.
Berger-wolf said, “The ability to use images with photo identification is democratizing access to conservation in science. We now can use photographs to track and count animals.”
2. Diagnosing Sepsis
Sepsis is a serious but treatable medical complication. However, it is treatable only if detected early. Late detection can lead to organ failure or even death. Nowadays, we have AI to analyze electronic medical records thoroughly. Thus, doctors can diagnose Sepsis a full 24 hours earlier on average. Reported Saria, an assistant professor at the Johns Hopkins Whiting School of Engineering.
She shared the story of a 52-year-old woman whose reason to visit the hospital was nothing but mildly infected footsore. She developed Sepsis, during her stay. In this condition, a chemical released by blood to fight infection triggers inflammation instead. Consequences can be dreadfully serious like organ failure or death, as stated above. Saria reported that the women died, but an AI system called ‘Targeted Real-Time Early Warning System (TREWScore)’, could have helped.
She said that if doctors had used the system, the sepsis could have been diagnosed 12 hours earlier. Perhaps, a woman could have been alive today. She further said that the Targeted Real-Time Early Warning System (TREWScore) could monitor other conditions too. For example Diabetes and high blood pressure.
She added, “Diagnoses may already be in your data. We just need ways to decode them.”
3. Rescue & Search
Despite all scientific progress, humans are still not able to control natural calamities. They wreak un-imaginable havoc and take the toll of human lives.
In the past, it was really difficult to find out the location of humans struck by disasters. There was no mechanism to discover the whereabouts of people swept away in flash floods. Nothing could help in finding the location of earthquake victims. These bodies could be stranded anywhere.
Luckily, a new AI technology is helping locate the responders, before it is too late. In the recent past, researchers watched the aerial footage of the disaster area to find the victims. It is seriously time taking a task and the victim can die before the help arrives. Every tick on the clock is critical.
Here is how Artificial Intelligence helps the case. It lets the computer programmers write efficient algorithms, which can thoroughly examine the video footage and find missing people in less than 120 minutes.
In flooded areas, AI algorithms can search the piles of debris. Bodies of unfortunate trapped victims can be found in less time.
Finding loopholes in code written by a computer programmer or recognizing the attack is a manual process. It can be strenuous for humans.
Michael Walker, program manager at Defense Advanced Research Projects (DARPA) says,” Attackers can spend months or years developing hacks. Defenders must comprehend that attack and counter it in just minutes.”
But it seems like AI is up to the challenge. On August 2016, in Las Vegas, DARPA held its first cyber grand challenge, pitting machines against each other.
The winner was Mayhem, the program created by ForAllSecure, founded in 2012. Their vision is to secure the world’s software.
The second prizewinner Xandra discovered a new attack in binary code and figured out its working mechanism. Moreover, it reached out over a network and breached the defenses of one of its opponents, systems named as Jima.
Jima detected that breach, offered the patch decided to field it and ended the breach.
The entire story was over in 15 minutes. “It all happened before human being knew that flaw existed,” said Walker.
He said that he was confident that AI, one day would patch bugs and respond to attack in real time.
5. Restoring Touch
Overlooked and old news reported that paralyzed man’s feelings of touch returned. It all became possible, with the help of controlled mechanical or robotic arm and brain chip implants. The concept of Bionic Human finally materialized.
The man, Nathan Copeland had lost any kind of sensation in his legs and lower arms, because of a road accident.
Doctors implanted two tiny electronic chips in his brain. One in sensory cortex, and the other in the motor cortex. Former controls touch and the movement of the later controls. Copeland was able to control a robotic arm with his thoughts, in one trial.
Positivity Is Always the Best Option
Yes, the ghost of Artificial Intelligence is about to surround the human race. However, so far, we have just witnessed positive impacts. AI is accelerating research and improving human lives. For a common person, it is better to stay positive, as it would help him recognize its benefits, which are really overlooked so far.
Rumors are spread about every technology right before its advent. Sometimes they turn out to be true and sometimes false. If robot destruction is inevitable, we can do nothing about it.
Why So Serious?
Yes if Artificial Intelligence goes in wrong hands, consequences can be dreadful. But isn’t’ that the case of every technology?
In fact, every little device depends on the intent of the user. Even the simple household knife can shed blood if falls in the hands of a serial killer. Then why are we so afraid of Artificial Intelligence?
We hope the article helped the reader look at Artificial Intelligence from a perspective ignored by mainstream media. Brainstorm about the question we asked, and feel free to comment, if you have something to say.