It is intuitively inconceivable and impractical to remove Mobile application development, from the list of the hottest careers of the 2010s. Speaking precisely, the extensive ground of mobile application development has two major pillars. First one is known as Android Development and the second one is named as iOS Development. Currently, iOS and Android have taken over nearly all of the mobile industry. Recent surveys claim that the two platforms account for around 96.7% of the entire market. Outnumbered group of Windows powers rest of the market.
In this post, we will make a detailed comparison of both career paths of mobile application development.
Before contemplating both groups, it would not be counter-intuitive to make sure we totally understand the broader term of mobile application development.
What is Mobile Application Development?
Mobile application development is the procedure or set of procedures involved in writing software for small, wireless computing devices.
Android Development / iOS Development
Mobile application development is one of the fastest evolving domain in IT industry. Many of the beginners are confused about which operating system to learn first. As a mobile developer, they can develop the program for a number of operating systems, be it hybrid or native, Android or iOS. But they are not sure, which career path to take?
Android and iOS display a plethora of regular office and freelance job possibilities. Some people are determined enough to learn both, but they also eventually have to start from anyone. Therefore, the main aim of this blog is to help you make up your mind about this puzzling question.
There are some similarities in Android and iOS, but to take the decision of accepting one and rejecting others (temporarily), we need to understand the difference. The contrast would make us like one better than the other.
Here are some key factors, where both platforms have striking contrasts.
Learning Curve or Time
Human minds need some time to learn anything new, be it human language, programming language or any new technology. Time can be an important constraint for some people and for some it may be negligible. Consider your personal circumstances, before making the decision.
Both operating systems come with different standards and complexities, and the learning time required can never be the same.
When you deal with iOS, you face a predefined set of standards and rules, which are strictly followed. Approval of the iOS store is not easy. There are pretty good tools, like the Swift programming language, which makes its learning time potentially very short when compared with Android. Thanks to the maturity of the iOS operating system. The market is narrow, which always makes things pretty easy.
In Android, the case is not so. It is a vast market with more than 5000 devices. All these devices contradict in vendors, OS versions, screen sizes, etc. As a result, the developer has to make more room for compatibility and testing in the development process. Outputs of codes may turn out too complex. The developer would have to thoroughly swim between the lines of code. The outcome is obvious. Learning time would increment.
However, if you were already familiar with Java programming language, you would learn Android development quicker than iOS.
In this round, the winner would be Android. It provides the ultimate liberty to develop Android applications on any operating system.
Android Studio works perfectly fine on nearly all major operating systems like Windows, OS X, and Linux. You can easily develop an Android application on any of them.
Unfortunately, this supreme flexibility is not available, when it comes to iOS. You cannot develop an iOS application on a Windows/Linux machine. Xcode was designed only to run on Mac machines and you will have to arrange a Mac computer for iOS development. Yes, there is an alternative way of using a virtual machine, but that would increase learning time. It would be a tradeoff between these two points.
Mature development tools can guarantee success over other operating systems. For some developers, the level of difficulty of IDE can be the only decisive factor.
iOS offers the Xcode IDE for mobile development, which is an awesome tool with mature features and characteristics. You can develop apps for iPhone, iPad, Mac OSX, and watch in Xcode. Code Completion, UI design interface, managing directories’ hierarchy, profiling, debugging, core data, assets management are the most important features.
Eclipse has been used for Android development in the past but its UX is generally not thought to be as easy as that of Xcode. Android launched “Android Studio,” the official Android IDE. Most people find it better than Eclipse. However, it does not beat Xcode in terms of features and functionality. IDEs usually are a matter of personal preference. Choose the one you can adapt most easily.
In summary, iOS gets an edge over Android, in this round.
You have to subscribe to Apple’s membership program to publish your iOS apps. While Android does not require any subscription. Anyhow, Google Play Store does charge a one-time fee that is $25.
Exposure and Understanding/The Learning Perspective
Android gives more freedom for learning and experimenting. You can explore different solutions for the same issue. You are able to write custom views or modify native views.
Paddings, weights, margins, and gravities of Views are coded by hand. Designing screens in XML is helpful as it allows you to analyze the View hierarchy of a screen at a glance. Hence, you get a deeper understanding of how mobile application development works.
If you enjoy stretching muscles of your mind, you will never like iOS. It will not even let you change the position of tabs.
In a Nutshell
I hope that now you can see the picture clearly. We compared the leading features of both platforms. iOS may sound a better option because of lesser learning time and lesser prior experience needed. However, if you, want to learn mobile application development, Android can give you the best learning platform. In addition, if you have prior experience of web or software development, you should opt Android Development. Anyways, take your time and decide which mobile application development services, you are going to provide and stick to the decision. TransData is one of the leading service providers when it comes to mobile application development. We develop and promote all types of mobile applications. Our team consists of expert mobile developers, which specializes, in helping you quickly modernize and deliver applications with minimal disruption. Feel free to contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org, to avail best mobile application development services. We will deliver the market-ready product, which matches your budget.